Importance of Promoting Community Participation for People With Intellectual Disabilities (2023)

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Importance of Promoting Community Participation for People With Intellectual Disabilities1.1 Social / community inclusion to people with an intellectual disabilityThe phrase “intellectual disability” belongs to a number of illnesses caused by genetic abnormalities and viruses. Intellectual disability is most commonly detected in childhood but has a long-term effect on a person’s development (What is Intellectual Disability?, 2022). It is characterized as a considerable reduction in one’s capacity to comprehend new or difficult data, develop new abilities, and manage independently, as well as social effectiveness. There are many different forms of intellectual disabilities, as there are with other impairment categories, with varied levels of intensity.1.1.1 Social inclusion means that people:Feel like they are part of something big.Feel welcomed (for who they are).Have important positions in the community and are actively involved in it.Participate in activities that suit their unique tastes.Have social interactions with people they choose and who share similar interests with them.Have acquaintances.1.1.2 Social barriers individuals with intellectual disabilities face and how to overcome themSocial impediments, also described as social determinants of wellness. They are elements that affect how humans are born, flourish, live, learn, earn, and age. This can result to lower productivity in persons with disabilities. Here are a few examples of social impediments:Impaired folks have a lower chance of being employed. In 2016, 20.5 percent of persons with disabilities from 18 to 65 years were employed, compared to 80.5 percent of people without impairments, over twice as many as people with disabilities (World Health Organization).Kids with disabilities have a high percentage of experiencing violence than normal children.People with disability have low-income jobs compared to people without disabilities.Most people living with disability have high chances of not attending schools compared to their normal peers.Communication Barriers- Sometimes people with intellectual disabilities face hard times in their hearing, speaking, reading, writing, or comprehending face communication. They communicate in other different ways than people who do not have these limitations. Examples of communication barriers include written texts that a person with intellectual can not understand(Oliver, Munk and Stanton-Nichols, 2021).1.2 The impact and effects of disability on the personal, community, and family level1.2.1 Impact on familyDisability throws additional requirements or family model issues, majority of which continue a long time. The large number of these challenges are common, independent of the type of disability, the impaired person’s age, or the family dynamics in which the victim lives (Dreyfus and Dowse, 2018). There’s the expenses of drugs, education, and personal care, which all require purchases or hiring tools, creating house modifications, transport, medications, and special meals. The person (with the disability in this scenario) is there but family members are unsure if the person is indeed a member of the family or not. The daily pressure of giving care and support causes tiredness and stress, straining household members’ physical and moral stamina. Concern, shame, tension, rage, and confusion regarding the cause of the handicap, and so on are just a few of the factors that generate emotional burden. Grief hits at the beginning, and also at the various period during the person’s life cycle.1.2.2 Impact on communityThe phrase ‘community’ encapsulates the value of every person, including disabled persons. The presence of a community may facilitate greater transformation among folks of different kinds, cultures, backgrounds, and religions.People with intellectual disabilities require great support from the community. The disabled person requires a high level of attention in society because of the available dangers. This gives community members a lot of pressure and stress (Paterson, 1993). People with intellectual disabilities may also be subjected to higher rates of abuse in society than the general population, necessitating additional support and a strong network.1.2.3 Impact on a personal levelLiving with a disability is difficult. The needs of disabled people can alter over time, and they may confront cognitive, social, and financial issues. Sometimes seemingly simple tasks like eating or reading books can become difficult or unachievable due to a person’s intellectual or physical limitations. People with intellectual disabilities are likely to have negative socio-economic results, like lack of proper education, poor healthcare, few job income, and high poverty levels.2.1 Worldwide Care interventions methods availableThe Health Service Executive offers varieties of programs for people diagnosed with intellectual, physiological, and sensing impairments, including autism. There are available basic medical care programs accessible, as well as diagnostics, treatment, revenue management, social care, and home care. The HSE provides some services directly to the patients. The HSE funds many of the training services provided voluntarily by organizations. The quality of service varies greatly across the country. Service Disability Managers have been chosen by HSE administrative areas to oversee the provision of utilities to individuals with disabilities.2.1.1 Community service model of care interventionLiving in a community allows you to interact with a wider range of people, improve your quality of life, and expand your learning possibilities and it is the same case for people living with intellectual disabilities (ID). Persons with ID now have access to educational and community services (including post-secondary programs), work prospects, and additional independent lifestyle options (Halpern, 1992). This model of community service is available in Ireland.2.2 Importance of promoting social inclusion and positive attitudes to people with disabilities.Social inclusion for people with an intellectual disability is a critical defining factor of health. Without it, the affected are more prone to suffer from poor health (such as mental illness), loneliness, seclusion, and low self-esteem. For example, children who have a favorable attitude toward disabled peers are more likely to engage with them than children who have a negative attitude. As a result, increased exposure to people with impairments may result in a greater understanding and acceptance of disability. As a result, attitudes influence behavior, which in turn influences a person’s knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes (O’Brien and Rose, 2010). The most effective strategy for influencing children ‘s perspectives toward people with disabilities is to improve children’s understanding of disabilities and provide exposure to persons with impairments. Early intervention against the establishment of negative attitudes toward disability, according to developmental psychologists, is the optimum time to act before these attitudes and mindset patterns become well entrenched and impossible to modify.3.1 Organization that provide service to people with Intellectual disability.3.1.1 The ArcThe Arc is one of the US-based non-profit organizations helping people with disabilities. It is one of the largest community-based groups dedicated to advocating for the rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The Arc advocates and protects persons with disability and developmental impairments’, and actively encourages their entire participation and engagement in society all their lives. It has also established schools for the people affected by the impairment bringing them together. It also talks to the community and teaches people how to live with their special needs hence giving them a positive attitude.3.2 Advocacy and its role and importance in the lives of people with intellectual disability.Advocacy is a way of standing up for a person, their interests, and their privileges. It may entail advocating in favor of the individual with a disability or assisting them in speaking up for themselves. Self-advocacy and representational advocacy are the two major components of advocacy. Representative advocacy entails an advocate standing up in favor of an organization or a person, whereas self-advocacy happens when an organization or an individual is competent in standing up for themselves.Disability advocates are needed to give persons with sophisticated and specialized difficulties a voice and a forum from which to fight for their interests. Advocacy gives guidance and support to assure that:Rights are respected.Freedom and control are preserved, and individuals with disabilities have a say.All needs and perspectives are communicated to the authorities, service providers, and the general public.Right to make their policies and procedures to ensure that they receive equitable treatment and social justice.This helps in making a big difference and improving the quality of their life.4.1 Reflection on the positive and negative aspects of intellectual disabilityGiven the fact that advocacy is a fairly new notion in Ireland, it presents many obstacles. Despite this, several people stated that advocacy had improved the quality of life for some individuals with intellectual difficulties. Some people, on the other hand, continue to be the most disadvantaged group in the intellectual disability sector.The following are the main issues raised:The distinction between the medical and social models of disability.Inadequate support from coworkers, relatives, and others.Issues with attitudeCommunicationThere aren’t any impartial advocate services available.4.2 Reflection on attitudes towards people with disabilitiesMy attitude towards people with intellectual disabilities has changed. I have learned that disabled people should be treated just like normal people and be treated with special care. They should have equal access to all necessary needs required in day to life. I have also learned how to promote positive mentalities and raise disability awareness by:Using positive language.Believing that the disabled person will succeed eventually.Keeping thoughts focused on goals.Accept helpful criticism with open arms.In each situation assist people in need.4.3 RecommendationsThis section will summarise the dissertation’s results and make some significant suggestions for much more research in the domain of advocacy for individuals with intellectual disabilities in Ireland.The following are some significant recommendations for future studies:The test subjects were mostly drawn from basic data sources. To provide a more thorough understanding of the notion of advocacy in Ireland, a future recommendation would be to include additional people from other intellectual disability organizations.Self-advocacy is frequently used as a type of advocacy. Examining the consequences of self-advocacy for individuals with physical, behavioral, and intellectual impairments in Ireland is one possibility.People with disabilities should participate in research since it is a great instrument for giving relevant data as well as empowering individuals.The community should set up more organizations for helping intellectual people since the organization work as a non-profit and require more funds to operate.The government should provide further assistance to disabled job seekers. Experienced experts can assist disabled people in finding work, arranging training and getting higher education programs, and providing guidance on interview methods and CV making.Members of society should build awareness programs to ensure that both parents and impaired individuals have the skills and tools they need to succeed (Silton, n.d.).4.3.1 Areas of improving care for intellectually disabled peopleQuality and care of people living with disability in Ireland would be improved by:Giving more medical funds to the disabled.Government training more health workers to treat the patients.The caregivers use their language carefully to avoid hurting the disabled.Giving them the best nutrition plans.4.4 ConclusionThis paper’s general conclusion is that individuals with intellectual disabilities should be offered the chance to stand up about their fundamental rights and privileges (Flatt-Fultz and Phillips, 2012). Even though there have been many advancements in advocacy to date, there is indeed a great way to go until everyone learns. This study also explains how the development of disability disrupts and ruins social ties, requiring the impaired person and those close to him undertake a massive reconstruction project. As a result, disability introduces a completely new set of issues to most people. Because of the challenges caused by impairment, which must be rectified through rehabilitation, principles and objectives must be adjusted, and practices must be learned.Upcoming research should concentrate on developing and supporting strategies that can improve the amount and value of social participation in our societies for individuals with intellectual and behavioral 2022. What is Intellectual Disability?. [online] Available at:  [Accessed 20 February 2022].Dreyfus, S. and Dowse, L., 2018. Experiences of parents who support a family member with intellectual disability and challenging behaviour: “This is what I deal with every single day”. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 45(1), pp.12-22.Oliver, A., Munk, N. and Stanton-Nichols, K., 2021. Applying theory to overcome internal barriers for healthy behavior change in adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, p.174462952110203.Paterson, M., 1993. The financial impact of disability on the family: Issues and interventions. Family & Community Health, 16(3), pp.46-55. 

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Why is community participation important for people with a disability? ›

Increased community participation can lead to improved health, wellbeing and quality of life outcomes for people living with a disability and their carers. It can also decrease care and support costs in the long-term for people living with mild-to-moderate disability.

What is the importance of social inclusion for the intellectual disability? ›

Researchers have suggested that social inclusion can decrease negative attitudes, stereotypes, stigma, and discrimination against people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (Johnson et al., 2009; Mahar et al., 2013; Power, 2013).

What is the importance of intervention for individual with intellectual disability? ›

The interventions aim to develop appropriate social, communication and behavioural skills that enable the individual to replace the problem behaviour with a functionally equivalent behaviour that is more appropriate.

How to integrate people with disabilities into the community? ›

Ensure the space is physically accessible.
  1. Language matters. ...
  2. Treat adults with disabilities as adults. ...
  3. Speak directly to people with disabilities, not at their aide or sign language interpreter. ...
  4. Listen patiently and attentively to a person who has difficulty speaking; do not try to finish their thoughts for them.

What are the four importance of community participation? ›

Importance of active community participation

Community participation in global development encourages the use of local knowledge and resources. It also promotes a more sustainable approach to development and local independence, and instils a sense of accountability.

Why is it important to participate in community development? ›

By encouraging public participation in projects that impact society it facilitates fair, equitable, and sustainable outcomes. It is an essential decision-making process for any organization, government, or individual that is driving projects which will have an impact on the community.

What is an important social skill of a person with intellectual disability? ›

that he/she will learn the interaction skills and overcome shyness. greeting, • asking for help, • sharing • taking turn in group activities, • smiling when meeting a friend, • paying attention to the person who is speaking and • asking other children to play a game.

What are the benefits to the community of social inclusion? ›

Ensuring access to employment and the tools to participate in social life are readily available and accessible; Ensuring easy access to basic services such as housing, employment, education, and health care; Encouraging community participation in social, cultural or political events.

What is the importance of social inclusion in community? ›

Social inclusion is important for a person's dignity, security and opportunity to lead a better life. It has been proven over and over again how important it is to support individuals to feel connected and valued within society and address any form of social exclusion people are experiencing every day.

How do you engage with people with intellectual disabilities? ›

Let people know they are entitled to their opinion. Allow time for people to have their say, and listen to them carefully. Check your understanding of what people have said. Ask questions to clarify your understanding, or get people to repeat what they have said so that you are sure you understand.

What is the best way to support someone with intellectual disability? ›

10 Tips for Working With People With Intellectual Disabilities
  1. Do not call them kids. ...
  2. Use clear, simplified language and try speaking slower, not louder. ...
  3. Set expectations. ...
  4. Treat them as you would your peers. ...
  5. Draw boundaries. ...
  6. Ask them their thoughts and allow them to answer.

How to promote dignity to a person with an intellectual disability? ›

Listen carefully to the person as they try to express themselves, whether verbally or through facial expressions or gestures. Support the person in a way that promotes respect and dignity in their interactions with others. Support the person to take regular exercise.

What are some ways to encourage people with disabilities to be active members of society? ›

10 ways to make society more inclusive for people with...
  • View the Disability Community as a Valuable Consumer. ...
  • Employ People with Disabilities- They are Ambitious and Want to Work. ...
  • Increase Disability Representation in Political Setting. ...
  • Integrate Disability History in School Curriculums.
Jan 9, 2015

In what ways is social inclusion an important component of recreation participation for individuals with disabilities? ›

Through participation in inclusive recreation, the opportunity exists for participants to explore and cast aside myths and misconceptions about persons with disabilities and connect with each other as people who happen to be passionate about similar leisure activities.

What is community participation and why is it important? ›

12.1 What is meant by community participation? Community participation can be loosely defined as the involvement of people in a commu- nity in projects to solve their own problems. People cannot be forced to 'participate' in projects which affect their lives but should be given the opportunity where possible.

What is an example of community participation? ›

Examples of Community Engagement

Volunteering at a local food bank, animal shelter or homeless shelter. Maintaining a community garden. Participating in a local blood drive. Helping set up a local farmers market.

What is the importance of participation? ›

Public involvement brings more information to the decision, including scientific or technical knowledge, knowledge about the context where decisions are implemented, history and personalities. More information can make the difference between a good and poor decision.

What skills do you need to support people with learning disabilities? ›

You'll need patience and have highly-developed, flexible communication skills. The job can be stressful and demanding so self-awareness helps. You'll sometimes need to be assertive to ensure people with a learning disability do not suffer discrimination. Sensitive human interaction is also a core skill.

What is the importance of social skills raising a socially intelligent child? ›

Children and teenagers with well-developed social skills are likely to gain confidence in their abilities to approach situations and complete tasks more successfully. Social skills are one of the most important skills children and adolescents develop, as they often serve as predictors of future success.

How to improve the social skills of intellectual disability? ›

  1. Provide frequent opportunities for students to learn and socialize with typically developing peers.
  2. Involve the student in group activities and clubs.
  3. Provide daily social skills instruction.
  4. Directly teach social skills, such as turn-taking, social distance, reciprocal conversations, etc.

How can you promote inclusion in the community? ›

Be socially inclusive
  1. Promote awareness about inclusion in the community by supporting people to find their place in society and to have a valued role in community. ...
  2. Create conversations, ask questions and be curious about how to be more inclusive. ...
  3. Embrace difference and find ways to celebrate everyone.

What are the benefits of inclusion of people with disabilities? ›

Some of the benefits of inclusion for children with (or without) disabilities are friendship skills, peer models, problem solving skills, positive self-image, and respect for others. This can trickle down to their families as well, teaching parents and families to be more accepting of differences.

How do you promote social inclusion in the community? ›

Ways to Enhance Social Inclusion
  1. Believe that social inclusion is possible. ...
  2. Identify the activities for which your teen/young adult has a passion. ...
  3. Identify and communicate to others the strengths, gifts, and capacities of your teen/young adult. ...
  4. Create an action plan. ...
  5. Let your teen/young adult do the choosing.

What is social inclusion for people with disabilities? ›

A review of 15 studies identified six themes in social inclusion as expressed by people with disabilities: (1) being accepted as an individual; (2) having personal relationships with family, friends, and others; (3) being involved in recreation, leisure, church, and other activities; (4) having appropriate living ...

What is the importance of inclusion in groups? ›

Inclusion in the workplace creates a sense of belonging among co-workers that can translate to greater productivity, more innovation, and better decision-making. Team performance improves when employees feel more connected.

Why is social inclusion important to sustainable development? ›

Social Sustainability and Inclusion focuses on the need to “put people first” in development processes. It promotes social inclusion of the poor and vulnerable by empowering people, building cohesive and resilient societies, and making institutions accessible and accountable to citizens.

How do you motivate and engage students with intellectual disabilities? ›

Giving children choices in their work may make them more motivated and less likely to be distracted. Showing them positive behaviour and giving them clear instructions so that they know what is expected may also help. Picture cards or stories about social situations can teach children about positive behaviour.

How does intellectual disabilities impact social interaction? ›

Individuals with intellectual disability usually encounter difficulties in making and maintaining friendships. It is common for their friendships to be characterised by a lack of warmth, closeness, and reciprocity in comparison to their peers, who are typically developing (30).

What is person centered care for people with intellectual disability? ›

Person centred planning puts the person with disability at the centre of the planning, listens deeply to them and their family and friends, learns over time what it is they want for their life now and in the future, and then acts on this.

What are the four levels of support for individuals with intellectual disabilities? ›

Each support identified is assigned one of four levels of intensity - intermittent, limited, extensive, pervasive.

What can you do to help a student with an intellectual disability make his or her own choices and act responsibly? ›

Teach the skills and knowledge students need to become self-determined.
  1. Set personal goals.
  2. Solve problems that act as barriers to achieving these goals.
  3. Make appropriate choices based on personal preferences and interests.
  4. Participate in decisions that impact the quality of their lives.
  5. Advocate for themselves.

Why is it important to promote dignity when supporting an individual? ›

How can being treated with dignity help? Care with dignity supports the self-respect of the person, recognising their capacities and ambitions, and does nothing to undermine it. It includes respect for what they can do, who they are, and the life they've lived. It's seen as a central part of quality in care work.

What actions can you do to promote the dignity of those around you? ›

8 ways to promote dignity in care
  • Let people choose their own clothing. ...
  • Involve them in decisions relating to their care. ...
  • Address the person appropriately. ...
  • Make food look appealing and tasty. ...
  • Respect personal space and possessions. ...
  • Hygiene and personal care. ...
  • Promote social activities. ...
  • Engage in conversation.

What is self advocacy for people with intellectual disabilities? ›

People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD*) have the right to advocate and/or be supported to act as self-advocates. Self-advocates exercise their rights as citizens by communicating for and representing themselves and others, with whatever supports they need.

Why is it important to include people with disabilities in the community? ›

Including people with disabilities in everyday activities and encouraging them to have roles similar to their peers who do not have a disability is important for building the capacity of youth, especially youth with disabilities, and making society more inclusive for all individuals.

Why is it important to empower people with disabilities? ›

By giving equal opportunities and the corresponding respect, we grow a sense of confidence in the people with disabilities and cultivate a sense of belonging. This makes for positive growth attitudes, and despite any disability, a person will pursue and work on their goals, thus contributing positively to society.

Why is important to include people with disabilities in the community? ›

Disability inclusion means understanding the relationship between the way people function and how they participate in society, and making sure everybody has the same opportunities to participate in every aspect of life to the best of their abilities and desires.

How you could engage with local communities to help you support inclusion and diversity? ›

Here are 10 quick tips to help you successfully engage minorities within diverse communities.
  • Plan to spend a lot of time in your engagement process – prepare, consult, and report. ...
  • Research the culture. ...
  • Don't take anything personally. ...
  • Be patient. ...
  • Be creative. ...
  • Create an inclusive social group. ...
  • Reach out to leaders.
Oct 9, 2018

Why is it important to recognize and promote disability culture? ›

As with many groups in society, recognition by others only comes with self awareness within the group of the groups' differences and strengths. Disability culture offers ways for people with different disabilities to pursue their own, as well as shared goals.

How can you promote positive representations of disability? ›

Always put the person before the disability. For example, use 'a person with an amputation' rather than 'an amputee'. Use language that conveys a positive message and emphasises abilities rather than limitations. For example 'a person who uses a wheelchair' rather than 'confined to a wheelchair'.

How do you engage people with disabilities? ›

Tips for interacting with people with all types of disabilities
  1. Use people first language/put the person first (unless individuals prefer other language).
  2. Introduce yourself and offer a handshake. ...
  3. Always ask before providing assistance—wait until the offer is accepted.
Feb 1, 2021

What responsibility does the community have towards a person with disability? ›

“The purpose of human life is to serve, and to show compassion and the will to help others.” Fundamentally, it is our vital duty to allow others to find comfort, show affection and serve every individual with or without special needs.

What is the participation of people with disabilities? ›

Article 29 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) clearly states the rights of persons with disabilities to participate in political and public life without discrimination and on an equal basis with others, and it calls upon state parties to guarantee those rights.

Why do people volunteer to help the disabled? ›

As a volunteer, you'll reduce the social stigma and allow people with disabilities to feel more comfortable in society. Increase Everyone's Mental Health: Connecting and supporting a volunteer organization will not only increase your mental health but also the mental health of others.

What are the benefits of activities for disabled people? ›

Benefits of Physical Activity

Can help people with chronic, disabling conditions improve their stamina and muscle strength. Reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression, improves mood, and promotes general feelings of well-being. Helps control joint swelling and pain associated with arthritis.

What can you and your community do to support people with disabilities and help them to succeed in life? ›

Things You Should Know

Always be respectful, and ask if someone needs assistance before offering to help. Give back to those with disabilities by volunteering, donating money, or helping with accessibility. Educate others online or in person so they can support people with disabilities, too.

How does a person's disability impact their participation in social life? ›

When disabled individuals lack independence or feel that they cannot live fully, issues can arise. For example, disabled people may experience depression and social isolation as a result of their limitations. They may also experience financial instability as a result of their mental or physical limitations.

How do I appreciate and promote persons with disability and underprivileged sectors and my responsibility towards them? ›

Disability Etiquette: How to Respect People with Disabilities
  1. Find commonalities before thinking about differences. ...
  2. Do not victimize people with disabilities. ...
  3. Don't assume they see their disability as a tragedy. ...
  4. Adjust posture to be eye-level. ...
  5. Make eye contact; never avoid someone with a disability.
Jun 28, 2022

How do you show support to people with disabilities? ›

General Etiquette Tips
  1. Practice the Golden Rule. Treat everyone as you would like to be treated. ...
  2. Always Ask Before Giving Assistance. Just because a person has a disability, they don't necessarily need or want your assistance. ...
  3. Think Before You Speak. ...
  4. Avoid Showing Pity or Being Patronizing.

What are the most important benefits of volunteering? ›

help you feel better about yourself by improving your self-esteem and confidence. help you share your talents, learn new skills and create a better work-life balance. help combat stress, loneliness, social isolation and depression. help you meet new people, which can help you feel more connected and valued.

Why is it important for people to volunteer? ›

Volunteering is important for communities because it supports organizations to provide vital services to groups and individuals within the community. Often, funding for community services is limited and organizations must rely on volunteers to successfully deliver their services.

What are some voluntary activities to support disabled people? ›

Some of the most common volunteer jobs include reading to the blind, delivering food to those who cannot leave their homes, playing games with individuals in assisted living centres, and becoming a big brother or big sister to a child with disabilities that needs someone to spend time with them and help them lead a ...

What are the benefits of health promotion activities for individuals with intellectual or physical disabilities? ›

Evidence demonstrates that individuals with ID who participated in a health promotion program in the research setting could show improvement in health outcomes, including an increase in physical activity, decrease in sedentary time,10, 11 and weight loss.

What are the benefits of active activities? ›

Being physically active can improve your brain health, help manage weight, reduce the risk of disease, strengthen bones and muscles, and improve your ability to do everyday activities. Adults who sit less and do any amount of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity gain some health benefits.


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